Nova Scotia Landlord-Tenant Laws Summary
Is there a prescribed lease form for Nova Scotia landlords?
Yes, if a landlord decides to have a written agreement they must use the Nova Scotia Standard Form of Lease. The landlord may not start a tenancy unless a copy of the Nova Scotia Residential Tenancies Act is given to the tenant within 10 days.
Must a landlord conduct a walk through inspection of the rental premises?
It is not required to do an inspection, it is optional. A pre-inspection of the rental unit completed with the tenant is an extra added assurance that the property will be returned in good condition. A small amount of time and a little paperwork, can save much aggravation later.
What are the restrictions on security deposits?
Landlords may charge a security deposit of no more than ½ months rent. The security deposit must be held in a trust account.
What happens if a tenant is late on rent?
The landlord may give the tenant a notice to vacate after 30 days of the rent being late. The tenant must move out of the premises within 15 days. If the tenant fails to pay and vacate the premises, the landlord may take the matter before the Residential Tenancies within the 2-5 weeks following. From there, a Residential Tenancies Officer may deliver an order stating the tenant must pay rent arrears and vacate the premises.
What are the laws on rent increases?
A landlord in Nova Scotia may only raise the rent once every 12 months. There are no rent controls in Nova Scotia. When giving a notice of increase, a landlord must follow the specific rules.
- For a year to year tenancy, the landlord must give four months notice before the anniversary date of the lease.
- For a month to month tenancy, the landlord must give four months notice before the anniversary date of the lease.
- For a week to week tenancy, the landlord must give 8 weeks notice before the anniversary date of the lease.
When may a landlord enter the rented premises?
Unless in the case of an emergency, a landlord must give the tenant 24 hours written notice before entering the premises. When entering the rented premises, the landlord must only enter between the hours of 9:00 AM to 9:00 PM. If a notice to quit has been given to a tenant, the landlord may enter the premises at any time without notice, but during daylight hours.
For more information you can contact:
Service Nova Scotia and Municipal Relations — Residential Tenancies
Service Nova Scotia & Municipal Relations
Mail Room, 8 South, Maritime Centre
1505 Barrington Street
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Toll-free within Nova Scotia: 1-800-670-4357