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Northwest Territories Landlord-Tenant Law Summary

by Editor | ezLandlordForms

Northwest Territories Landlord-Tenant LawIs a written rental agreement required?
No, it is not legally mandatory to have a written rental agreement, but it will help avoid landlord-tenant disputes and ambiguities, and prevent false claims and lawsuits.

Can landlords charge tenants a security deposit?
Landlords may charge a security deposit in the Northwest Territories. When charging a security deposit in a weekly tenancy, the deposit may be no more than one weeks rent. In tenancies where the tenant pays monthly (i.e. month-to-month and fixed-term tenancies), the total security deposit can amount to no more than one month’s rent. Other than in a weekly tenancy, the tenant must pay at least 50% of the deposit at the start of tenancy, and the other half, within three months from then.

May a landlord charge a pet deposit?
Landlords may charge a pet deposit in the Northwest Territories. The pet deposit is considered separate from the security deposit. It can be no more than 1/2 months rent. The landlord may only charge the pet deposit once, and it must be received at the start of the tenancy.
NOTE: Landlords may NOT charge a pet deposit for a tenant with a service animal due to a disability.

Are inspection/condition reports required?
Condition reports are required in the Northwest Territories. Landlords must make a reasonable effort to have the tenant participate in the inspection of the rental unit. The inspection must be done at the beginning and at the end of the tenancy. A signed copy of the report must be given to the tenant within five days after completion. If an inspection is not completed, the landlord forfeits the opportunity to withhold money from the security deposit toward repairs.

Is a landlord permitted to charge a late fee?
If the tenant is late on rent, the landlord may charge a late fee. Late fees may not exceed $5, plus $1 per day that the rent is late. It may not exceed $65 total.

When may a landlord enter the rental unit?
A landlord must give 24 hours written notice before entering the rental unit, unless it is an emergency. The notice must include the reason for entry, the day of entry, and how long the landlord will be in the unit. A landlord may only enter a rental unit between the hours of 8:00 AM and 8:00 PM.

What are the rules regarding rent increases?
Landlords in the Northwest Territories must wait 12 months from the start of tenancy, or from the date of the last rent increase before increasing the rent. A landlord must serve a tenant with a notice of increase three months prior to the scheduled increase date.

How must a landlord end a tenancy?
At the end of a term tenancy, it is automatically renewed as a month-to-month agreement. While the landlord and tenant can mutually agree to end the tenancy at any time, the landlord has the option to terminate the tenancy at the end of the lease term with written notice.

How do evictions work in the Northwest Territories?
A tenancy will end with proper notice served as per the instructions listed on the Northwest Territories Fact Sheet – Ending A Tenancy. To start the eviction, a landlord will make application to the Rental Officer. Usually there is a hearing and if the landlord wins possession and is given a Writ of Possession, the sheriff will take steps to return possession to the landlord.

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